4TH ANNUAL SHOW AT HERITAGE PLANTATION IS A HUGE SUCCESS
THE AZALEAS AND RHODODENDRONS ARE THE ARISTOCRATS OF OUR GARDENS By A. M. Shamarello
FOUNDING OF THE MASSACHUSETTS CHAPTER OF AMERICAN RHODODENDRON SOCIETY By Elinor Clarke
EDITORS'NOTES FROM NANTUCKET
4TH ANNUAL SHOW AT HERITAGE PLANTATION IS A HUGE SUCCESS
On June 2 at Heritage Plantation in Sandwich, Mass. the Massachusetts chapter held its fourth annual truss show auction. This was the first time the show was held at Heritage and the former Charles 0. Dexter estate provided a magnificent setting for the day's activities. Threats of rain failed to materialize and warm sunlight filtered into the beautiful wooded grove in which a cluster of gaily striped tents were nestled The tents were filled to overflowing with the hundreds of en-tries in the truss show. In a masterfully arranged display the Heritage staff exhibited trusses from every known Dexter Hybrid. It is possible that this was the first time that the total scope of C. 0. Dexter's work could be viewed in its entirety in one place. It seemed proper that this testimony to Mr. Dexter should take place on the grounds of his former home.
In another booth, our "Answer Man", Jack Cowles was continuously surrounded by enthusiasts and he fielded their many queries concerning the care and feeding of rhododendrons with charm and expertise.
The book table, capably directed by Jane Brooks, did a brisk business, as did a booth operated by Dr. Max Resnick which sold hundreds of small azaleas at even smaller prices.
The judges for the truss show were Willard Hunnewell, Wayne Mezitt, Juko Otauki, and Eveleth Cowles all from the Mass. Chapter joined by Judge Bishop vonWettberg of the Connecticut chapter. This year's show date coincided perfectly with the peak blooming period for southeastern New England and the spectrum of varieties in bloom was immense. The results of the competition: Best of Show was won by Princess Elizabeth exhibited by Jon Shaw; Best Ironclad was Nova Zembla, again by Jon Shaw, the trophy sponsored by the Hunnewell family; Best Hybrid was Pygmalion x Mars by Louis Cook, the award sponsored by Weston Nurseries; the Heritage Plantation Award for the best Dexter Hybrid went to Dexter's Giant Red by Jon Shaw. Stephen Snell's Exbury Hybrid was the Bear Swamp Garden Award for the best azalea. The award for the best slide of a rhododendron was won by Jay Slavitz. The top awards this year were suitably engraved pewter bowls. Heritage Plantation received a special award for their exhibit of Dexters.
Class 1 - First - Pygmalion x Mars, Louis Cook; second - Jon Shaw; third - Louis Cook
Class 3A - First Nova Zembla, Jon Shaw; third - Bob King.
Class 3B - First - Roseum Elegans, Stephen Sorell; second - Stephen Sorell.
Class 3D - First - Old Port, Louis Cook.
Class 5A - First - E. S. Rand, Robert L. Sawicki; second - Robert L. Sawlckl, third - Jon Shaw.
Class 5B - First - Homer, Max Resnick; second - Dick Leonard; third - Louis Cook.
Class 5C - Second - Jon Shaw.
Class 5D - First - unknown hybrid, Dick Leonard; second - Jon Shaw.
Class 6 - Second - Dick Leonard.
Class 7A - First - Vulcan's Flame, Jon Shaw; third - Jon Shaw.
Class 7B - third - Louis Cook.
Class 7C - First - Princess Elizabeth, Jon Shaw; third - Jon Shaw.
Class 7F - Second - Louis Cook.
Class 7G - First - Mrs. G.W. Leak, W. Hunnewell; second - Jon Shaw; third - Max Resnick.
Class 7H - First - Blue Peter, Edward C. Paszek; second - Jay Slavitz; third - E. Mezitt.
Class 7I - First - Purple Splendor, Bob King.
Class 7J - First - Goldfort, Jon Shaw; second, Jon Shaw.
Class 8A - First - Dexter's Giant Red, Jon Shaw.
Class 8B - First - Mrs. Coe, Dick Leonard; second - Jon Shaw; third - Jon Shaw.
Class 8E - First - Ben Moseley, Jon Shaw; second - Jon Shaw; third - Dick Leonard.
Class 8F - First - Brookville, Jonathan Leonard; second - Jon Shaw; third - Dick Leonard.
Class 11 - First - red hybrid, Mrs. John Rusett; second - Jay Slavitz; third - Louis Cook.
Class 12 - Second - Louis Cook.
Class 13 - Second - Jon Shaw.
Class 19 - First - Exbury Hybrid, Stephen Snell; second - Mrs. Cate; third - Stephen Snell.
Class 20 - First - Jane Abbott, Wayne Mezitt; second - Stephen Snell; third - Stephen Snell.
Class 22 - First - Jay Slavitz; second - Jay Slavitz.
Class 23 - Second - Jay Slavitz.
Class 25 - Second - Charles Gredler.
In the afternoon Louis Cook conducted an exciting auction of over three hundred plants. Most came from Weston Nurseries and Elinor Clarke added some nice azaleas. In addition a select group of newer hybrids came from Commerfords.
The success of the day reflects the imagination and careful planning on the part of show chairmen Jon Shaw and Dick Brooks, and the hard work of the rest of the committee. Special thanks should go to Heman Howard and the people at Heritage for their efforts and hospitality.
EXCERPTS FROM A TALK TO THE CLEVELAND GARDEN CLUB
THE AZALEAS AND RHODODENDRONS ARE THE ARISTOCRATS OF OUR GARDENS
By A. M. Shamarello
To start with I want to emphasize some misconceptions.
There is an assumption that the natural environment of rhododendrons is a woodland and not aware, there are several varieties and differ in their natural habitat. Traveling through Pennsylvania and adjoining southern states we observe the mountain sides literally covered with rhododendrons under a canopy of forest trees. This variety is Rhododendron maximum which is tolerant of dense shade and drought. Blooming in late June, flowers are white partly hidden by new growth. The colorful hybrid rhododendrons we regard as our garden varieties will not tolerate dense shade and as much drought as Rhododendron maximum. They require a half-day of sunshine. Dense shade a) excess drought will induce stem blight, twig dieback and eventual death.
Also misleading are old plantings of rhododendrons in close proximity to trees and large shrubbery growing in dense shade. This is the result that each were planted at the same time and the rhododendrons became well established prior to the stress of shade and drought imposed by trees and shrubbery. Open areas in a woodland are ideal planting sites, if high shade is provided so that filtered sunshine reaches plants relieving them from excessive beat in summer and. in the winter protecting from strong winds and glare and sunshine which causes leaf scorch and injury to flower buds.
In magazine articles, often it is advised to soak plant in a pail of water prior to planting. This refers to a plant shipped out of state and arriving with a dry root ball Then soak only for a few minutes. Placing water at the bottom of the hole is unnecessary and a sloppy ordeal. Placing fertilizer at the bottom of the hole may injure the root system. Unlike many shrubs azaleas and rhododendrons do not eventually adapt to adverse soil conditions. They are specific in their requirements. A correlation of the following is imperative.
EXPOSURE: The eastern or northern exposure of a building are preferable, but at a distance thereof that rain reaches plants. These exposures .may be provided by deep-rooted trees such as oaks, shrubbery etc. However, plants should be planted at the perimeter of branches to avoid competition from roots of trees and shrubbery. Surface rooted trees such as elms., maples, beech etc. which roots extend beyond the perimeter of branches make it difficult to establish plantings in their proximity. Southern or western exposures are adaptable only, by the selection of the hardiest varieties, plus winter protection such as boughs of Christmas trees etc. Southern or western exposures are preferable for the deciduous azaleas, (azaleas which drop their leaves in winter.)
SITES: Slopes or mounded areas in the manner of a rock garden are preferable. Planting areas in general must be elevated 3 or more inches above walks and lawn areas
DRAINAGE: Planting areas on level ground composed of heavy soils require the installation of a drainage system adjacent to planting areas. Drainage must be perfect; poor drainage is conducive to root rot diseases.
SOIL: Prepare planting areas by removing 12 to 15 inches of clay and refill areas with a topsoil containing a pH of 5 to 6 points. Correct soil acidity. If below a pH of 5, apply 4 lbs. of magnesium limestone to 100 square feet to increase alkalinity one point. If acidity is above a pH of 6 apply 10 lbs. ferrous sulphate or 2 lbs. of sulphur to 100 square feet to increase acidity one point. Do not use aluminum sulphate to acidify soil.
PLANTING: Plant only when soil is in a friable condition in the spring or early autumn. Dig holes twice the diameter of root ball. Place 4 to 6 inches of a coarse peat moss at the bottom of the hole and mix into topsoil, to the topsoil to back fill add 50% of a coarse peat moss and mix thoroughly. In relation to size of plants (as a guide) set root ball of a 2 foot plant about 2 inches above ground level, unfold top of burlap to sides and backfill with topsoil and peat moss mixture and firm lightly around root ball, add soil around root ball to create a saucer to hold water. Remove nozzle from hose and water gently, if root ball is extremely dry watering should be repeated several times until root ball is thoroughly moist. If soil is moist tamping or watering should be delayed until soil on surface is dry. Thereafter weekly watering is adequate. Lawn sprinkling systems must not cover planting areas, excess moisture is conducive to root rot diseases.
MULCH: Conserves moisture and keeps soil cool, protects roots from sun and wind, less fluctuation in soil temperature, less compaction of soil and eliminates cultivation to an extent. Apply mulch when soil is in a friable condition at any time of the year. Keep mulch permanently. If a new planting, cultivate soil prior to applying mulch. Apply a coarse mulch such as pine needles, medium size barks, leaves, woodchips etc. at a depth of 1 to 1 1/2 inches, oak leaves are preferable because they do not pack as leaves of elms, maples etc.; a light application of wood chips over leaves will keep leaves in place. Mulch and soil should be aerated in the summer and early fall to maintain in a porous condition and to enable water to readily penetrate through mulch and soil. Loosen with a fork spade in a manner to conserve mulch at the surface. Peat moss or other finely textured materials are not suitable mulches, because they compact to the extent that water will not seep through. Add mulch yearly to maintain a depth of 1 to 1.5 inches.
FERTILIZER: These plants are extremely sensitive to kind and amount of fertilizer. Cottonseed meal fertilizer is preferable. Apply at the rate of 2 lbs. to 100 square feet by broadcasting over plants and mulch in the early spring (April). One application of fertilizer is sufficient. As a guide 2 to 3 handful to a plant 2 feet in height or width and accordingly to size of plants. To new plantings, if planted in the fall defer fertilizing until early spring. Cultivating or watering fertilizer into the soil is not advisable or necessary. If new foliage becomes chlorotic (yellowish) usually an application of Sequestrene (iron) remedies the condition, 1 level tablespoon dissolved in a gallon of water; apply to roots through a sprinkling can in amounts to thoroughly wet root ball.
SPRAY: After bloom remove wilted flowers and commence to spray with a combination of Zineb or Captan and Sevin or malathion. Use all wettable powders at recommended rates to control blights and insects. If necessary to control red spider, combine kethane with above spray mixture. For some difficult to kill insects Dilation AG, 500. may be tried. Borers may be controlled by two applications of Delrina E. C. 5 level tablespoons to 1 gallon of water, direct spray to branches and drench to trunk of plant. Important spray applications must be applied a week apart starting about May 20th to give good control; 2 gallons to 100 gallons of water.
TRIMMING: Trim deciduous azaleas in early April, trim evergreen azaleas immediately after bloom, trim rhododendrons prior to or after bloom, however cut must be made above whorl of leaves to induce new growth. In recent years several new hybrids have been introduced which supersede the older varieties in some respect, in-as-much that they can be transplanted in bloom, it is an advantage to visit a local nursery specializing in rhododendrons and walk through his fields to observe plant characteristics and the color which appeals to you.
FOUNDING OF THE MASSACHUSETTS CHAPTER OF AMERICAN RHODODENDRON SOCIETY
By Elinor Clarke
In May 1968 HORTICULTURE published an article titled Rhododendrons for "Today and Tomorrow" by one David G. Leach. In October of that same year HORTICULTURE published another article by this same man, intriguingly titled "Beauty and the Beast".
This second article, coupled with the first, resulted in my writing to this stranger in appreciation, not only of his thinking but also of his choice of word and turn of phrase. Pragmatically I could not resist inquiring where I could obtain a plant of the Rhododendron 'Mist Maiden' he had mentioned in the May article.
The reply came by return mail, I have nothing but very small plants of yakushimanum 'Mist Maiden' but I am sending you one with my compliments. Certainly unrealized by either of us at that time, this sentence contained the germ of the Massachusetts Chapter.
I could not help noticing the middle name of David Goheen Leach as spelled out on his letterhead. Having been brought up on tales of the legendary prowess of "Dr. Goheen of India" by my mother, whose father was his colleague; I could not resist inquiring as to the origin of his middle name.
He wrote back, I am emphatically related to the Dr. Goheen of India. He was my grandfather's brother, I believe. There were droves of Goheen missionaries in southeastern Asia, some of them doctors ... Another of my grandfather's brothers was a medical missionary in Slain. His hobby was economics. When the king (of "Anna and the King of Siam") decided lhe wanted a monetary system exchangeable on world markets, he asked this Goheen to do it. The king was so pleased with the result that he made him the country's first secretary of the treasury and so he remained, with an office in the palace for the remainder of his life.
When I was in Thailand several years ago, my middle name appeared on my passport, and I got the red carpet treatment in a lavish fashion. After all of these years, the name is still known in Bangkok, and Dr. Goheen's office is still preserved in the palace."
I quote this at length hoping it will be read by the ARS colleague who said, "Funny, I never thought of David Leach as having missionary blood!"
In the fall of 1969 Dr. Leach wrote, on the subject of rhododendrons, I think it would be: very useful if you would set up your records so that you could report on the climatic adaptability of the rhododendrons you are growing. I would suggest that you adopt a system of 1 to 5 for the winter injury range. You might use 1 for bud loss, 2 for branch injury, 3 for split bark and branch injury, 4 for severe general injury and 5 for death or some such. You would relate this to the winter low temperature, prolonged low temperature, low temperature and high wind, low temperature and high wind plus bright sunlight or any other unusual climatic condition. It should probably also be useful to report on your propagating results with the various rhododendrons you are growing. I imagine you have already recorded the source, size and year of acquisition of the plants you have bought. If you have more than one plant of a species, each should be numbered.
"I think the American Rhododendron Society ought to be the repository of such information which would doubtless publish it for the guidance of others. I wonder if you know there is a Connecticut Chapter? The secretary is Frank M. Geiser".
This resulted in my writing to Dr. Geiser and eventually being referred to Elliott Jessen, then secretary and now president of that chapter and was a national member through that Chapter for one year until the Massachusetts Chapter was formed continuing with the Connecticut Chapter as an associate.
On November 5, 1969 Dr. Leach wrote me, "There is no requirement for organizing a Chapter of the American Rhododendron Society. All it is an interested group willing to go to the trouble, plus the potential of enough additional members to make the Chapter viable. As a matter of fact, I have often wondered why no chapter exists in Massachusetts. To my knowledge, at least a few people journey all the way down to New York to attend of the New York Chapter. With the potential of the Boston area, it really should be quite easy to organize a Massachusetts chapter. But someone has to take the lead and do it. I nominate you
So I sent for the most recent national ARS membership list and sent letters to all who were national members living in the Massachusetts area and also to Massachusetts's residents who were members of other chapters.
Having first written the secretaries of those chapters for their approval. On May 8, 1970 Mrs. Eleanor Famosi of Westford, Mass. sent a check asking whether it would be possible for her to join the Massachusetts Chapter. Since the Chapter did not have a treasurer or any organization whatsoever, I wondered just what to do with her check. It even occurred to me to return it. That temptation was soon overcome. I told myself, I hereby appoint you treasurer pro tem and direct you to open a savings bank account.
Soon the Chapter had a steering committee: F. W. Schumacher of Sandwich, George Mackianon of Waquoit, Dr. Alfred Kaiser of Hatfield, Donald Marvin of Mattapoisett, Charles Trommer of Rehoboth and Carlton Lees of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society. This committee never actually met but accomplished all the work by mall or by telephone, as well as some personal visits.
The truth of Dr. Leach's words was beginning to be amply borne out: It does appear that there is more than ample potential in the population of the state and more than ample motivation in the nation's oldest and most sophisticated horticultural environment... You have in Massachusetts two of the great, classic collections of rhododendrons; there is the Hunnewell collection at Wellesley and the Dexter collection at Sandwich. There is a rather well known hybridizer on Cape Cod, whose first name is Tony. Jack Cowles at Sandwich has hybridized on rather a large scale. He would probably be a good collaborator for the eastern part of the state.
Leach also wrote, I have a hunch that if you addressed Carlton Lees at Mass. Hort. he might print a squib in the horticultural news column, and I think that would be most valuable of all. Lees did this, and generally took to the task like an enthusiastic midwife. It was his idea to hold the opening meeting at the Heritage Plantation of Sandwich.
We had just one choice of speaker. When we approached Dr. Leach on this subject, he said, I cannot really say that I want or welcome speaking engagements. I do it, I think, because of an evangelical conviction that the angels are on the side of gardening, and I should aide and abet them, maybe even prod them a little bit.
When we put the actual question, in January 1970, Dr. Leach wrote back, Certainly I would be willing to give a talk for your newborn Massachusetts Chapter. Carlton Lees' reaction was that it would be another thing to arrive at an exact date. So I telephoned Dr. Leach and he said, "How about October 10? No, that's the day I fly to Australia; it had better be October 3. (In the end he did not go to Australia, as he was made president-elect of the American Horticultural Society).
Correspondence that spring and summer was brisk Indeed. F. W. Schumacher wrote that he very much wanted Dr. Leach to see his Hill in bloom and note what has been accomplished in the fifteen or twenty years since he had been there last. This was set up for the Sunday morning following the Saturday at Heritage.
The initial gathering of the chapter, members and potential members, was set for 10 a.m. on Saturday, October 3, 1970 at the Ashumet Reservation of the Massachusetts Audubon Society, as Dr. Leach had written, I have a recollection of a holly collection, either in Sandwich or nearby, which could be well berried.
The 3rd of October dawned bright and clear. 10 a. m. saw a number of people arriving at Ashumet. The secretary-treasurer pro tem was trying to get new members properly recorded, last minute dinner reservations taken care of, etc. etc. One woman at my elbow was chatting away while I wrote, not paying her much attention, until all of a sudden I did a complete double take of everything she had said: "My husband and I have a few rhododendrons in our yard on the Cape and we want to learn how to take care of them. But we do not know if we should spend our money paying dues to your Chapter when all you get for a speaker for your opening meeting is this horse doctor!
The only Dr. Leach known to this person was the local veterinarian. After selling her on the membership, I searched out Carlton Lees, as he was to be master of ceremonies for the banquet at the Coonamessett Inn that evening in Falmouth and was to introduce Dr. Leach. Unfortunately our new member was unable to stay for the banquet , so could not hear the treat she had provided
Following the tour of Ashumet, so meticulously groomed by Joseph Dias, everyone enjoyed meeting old friends and making new acquaintances at the picnic grounds of the Heritage Plantation of Sandwich. Dr. Leach appeared at this time and was most enthusiastically made welcome. An astute observer commented on the color of the car assigned him by the rent-a-car agency in Boston a vivid magenta.
Following lunch Heman Howard, then in capacity as consultant at Heritage Plantation, led a tour of the grounds, which were in top condition under the direction of NeIson Price, who had been outstanding in his cooperation.
Dr. Leach was busy putting his slides into trays for his talk on "Rhododendrons What's New? What's Good?" This certainly was an eye opener for all who thought they knew something about rhododendrons. It was the perfect inspiration for the establishment of the Chapter. Many are the time we have wished we could hear it again in the light of subsequent experience.
Later, after a tasty and beautifully served dinner at the Coonamessett Inn, fifty or so people crowded into one of the sitting rooms there, many literally sitting on the floor. Carlton Lees then shepherded the gathering through the election of officers pro tem, the establishment of a committee to prepare a constitution and by laws and the selection of the date and place for the next meeting.
The following morning saw a few early risers at Fred Schumacher's Hill. Since this was a once-in-a-lifetime occasion, a good deal of photography was done, with apologies to Dr. Leach and Fred Schumacher, who had a great deal to discuss. Before Dr. Leach left, Louise Schumacher served one of her gracious informal lunches. On his way out, Dr. Leach turned back and said, with a little smile, I think you have a bouncing baby boy.
We have been trying to educate him ever since.
By Jack Cowles
I wish to express my appreciation to the membership for showing their support of our elected officers. I feel certain that we can continue to make progress in organizing and promoting rhododendrons. We are lucky to have the experience of our previous officers plus the input of able and interested members. We can and should reach to potential members, as well as serving the needs of the chapter. In regard to this matter of making our chapter grow, Max Resnick has been a star performer as president, because we have rapidly increased to over one hundred active supporters.
I should note also that in providing a site for our annual show and plant auction, Heritage Plantation with Heman Howard's direction gave us a very beautiful and effective setting. J6n Shaw and Dick Brooks as show chairmen were very capable in the planning of every detail.
Dr. Jay Slavitz deserves our thanks for ideas on improving our communications, including our chapter's own news issue "The Rosebay".
To Louis Cook, our perennial auctioneer and parliamentary adviser, goes a salute and expression of appreciation for his strenuous efforts in promoting our organization
EDITORS' NOTES FROM NANTUCKET
The Rosebay has taken another giant step, a new format along with the ability to reproduce photos. In the final analysis, however, it's not new formats or deluxe printing which establish the quality of a publication. It is the substance of the ideas exchanged on its pages which will establish its worth. It is the hope of the editors that with the new format The Rosebay will further serve the needs of the society in its interchange of ideas. Needless to say we are constantly in search of articles for publication. They needn't be feature length, just a line or two concerning a helpful hint you may have, or a news item overheard.
A word about photos... at this time we can use only black and white glossies. They should be clear, sharp and with good contrast. Acceptable black and white prints can be made from color slides or negatives. We ask that you have this work done and send us only the black and white print made there from. Please don't write on the back of the prints as the indentations produce an image on the picture. Write all captions and other information on a separate piece of paper.
We would be remiss at this point if we did not gratefully acknowledge the tremendous contributions made by Dr. Max Resnick to the growth of The Rosebay.During his tenure as president, he adopted The Rosebay as a pet project and its current success reflects his interest. While we are passing out kudos, Jon Shaw and Dick Brooks are to be commended for the great job they did on this year's show. Special thanks too, to Heman Howard and Heritage.
On the afternoon of the show the editors were the guests of Mrs. Harold Pilkington who now owns the home of the late Tony Consolini. Along with Fred Schumacher and Elinor Clarke we were treated to a display of rhododendron horticulture, which we personally had never seen equaled. The work of this phenomenal hybridist must somehow be catalogued and preserved. The horticultural world is fortunate that the plants are now under the loving care of someone like Mrs. Pilkington rather than fall victim to the developer's bulldozer. On the hope of stimulating interest in this vein an upcoming issue of The Rosebay will be dedicated exclusively to the life and work of Mr. Consolini.
A VISIT WITH DICK AND JANE BROOKS
By Dick and Jane Brooks
How did we happen to succumb to rhododendronitis, that peculiar affliction which Max Resnick identified so aptly in the last issue of the Rosebay?
Oddly enough, rhododendrons came into our lives almost by default, and via some rather shady dealings. In 1957, we bought a house in Concord surrounded by majestic old white pines, some of them well over a hundred years old (as we later discovered by a ring count when one of them had to be taken down). Our investment in landscaping at that time was confined to (1) a 3-4' flowering crab, (2) a 2-3' hybrid lilac, and (3) a half-hearted attempt at a perennial border. That was all right for the areas nearest the house, which received a fair amount of sunlight each day, but what about the rest of the acre and a half lot densely shaded winter and summer, and with a thick layer of pine needles that could only mean a PH of about 4.5, overlying a stratum of lovely stiff yellow clay? We wanted to plant something to screen us from the street, and to define the outdoor living spaces we intended one day to develop, as well as to satisfy that inborn urge of every true gardener to grow something. Experienced gardening friends and nurserymen shook their heads when we described the situation-hopeless, they said, to try to grow anything under such conditions.
But somewhere along the line we read (I think the Home & Garden section of the Sunday newspaper) that rhododendrons must have:
Roger and over! Full of hope and enthusiasm, we ran out and bought four rhododendrons from a local nursery: two white(which years later we have identified surprisingly, as Cunningham's White) and two pink (which not so many years later and not so surprisingly, we have identified as nondescript Catawba seedlings of Max's "rare lavender" color).
The four original plants thrived (although bloom was, and still is, sparse), and one thing led to another. Construction of an addition to the house in 1965 and a garage in 1967 called for new landscaping plans, and rhododendrons again filled the bill. By this time, the symptoms of the affliction were well advanced, and it was only natural that when we read in Horticulture of the proposed formation of a Massachusetts Chapter of ARS we responded enthusiastically
It was only after acquiring and reading Leach, however that we begun to realize that although most rhododendrons will grow well under conditions of more than partial shade, they will not set many flower buds, and further, that some of the small-leaved kinds like Purple Gem will actually languish in the shade, much preferring an exposed location. We had done some thinning and removal of the smaller trees, to let in more sunlight, and proceeded to do a good deal more . Even so, the sunniest parts of our woodland get only about four or five hours of direct sun at midsummer, and correspondingly less towards the equinoxes, when the trees across the street begin to shade our property. Over the years, we've found some varieties to be more tolerant than others, in their ability to bloom satisfactorily in our pine grove. For the benefit of those Rosebay readers who may be laboring under a similar disadvantage, the following have proved quite reliable in setting flower buds:
Varieties that grow well but seem more reluctant to set flower buds:
Surprisingly, some of the small-leaved kinds, which the authorities seem to agree require maximum sun to perform well, have been very reliable, blooming abundantly even in the shadier parts of the grove:
Other small-leaved kinds, which showed obvious symptoms of distress in full shade, but which responded favorably when moved to the sunniest location on the lot:
Exbury azaleas have been generally reliable in a location which gets about 3 to 4 hours of intermittent sun during the day, but in shadier spots tend to become leggy with poor bud set. Kaempferi azaleas have performed well in a location which gets about two hours of direct sun at midday, but is in dense shade for the remainder.
Several kinds are still too small to rate for reliability of bloom in shade:
Hopefully we can report on these in a future issue of the Rosebay.
In the meantime, for those of you who are wondering about the flowering crab and the hybrid lilac: they're still flourishing'.
Mr. & Mrs. Robert T. Olsen
46 Cedar Circle
Randolph, Ma. 02368
Mr. & Mrs. Joseph F. Duplinsky
24 Racebrook Terr.
Orange, Conn. 06477
Mr. &Mrs. Carl D. Pedersen
30 Everett Ave.
Wilmington, Ma. 01887
Mr. & Mrs. Eugene Trainor
39 Robbins Street
Acton, Ma. 01720
Dr. & Mrs. Sidney Cooperband
132 Whittier Rd.
Milton, Ma. 02186
Mr. & Mrs. Robert S. Smith
5 Hosmer Street
Acton, Ma. 01720
Mr. & Mrs. Gerald UhI
48 Davis Ave.
Wrentham, Ma. 02093
Mr. & Mrs. Robert 0. Smith
55 Chester Street
Newton Highlands, Ma. 02161
Mr. & Mrs. Andrew Frederikson
44 Monument Street
Wenham, Ma. 1984
Mr. & Mrs. Clifford E. Desch, Jr.
46 South East Street
Amherst, Ma. 01720
Mr. &Mrs. Paul Olsfafsen
P.O. Box 124
Tolland Conn. 06084
Mr. & Mrs. John T. Russett
161 Winter Street
Weston, Ma. 02193
E. Dexter Davis
26 Norfolk Street
Holliston, Ma. 01746
Mr. & Mrs. Stanley N. McNeilly
88 Dean Street.
Taunton, Ma. 02780
Mr. & Mrs. Conrad Kunze
5 Butternut Dr.
Norwich, Conn. 06300
23 Whippoorwill Lane
Yarmouthport, Ma. 02675
BOOK LIST AS OF OCTOBER 1, 1974
Fundamentals of Rhododendron & Azalea Culture
Azaleas (N.Y. Chapter)
Rhododendrons N.Y. Chapter)
Rhododendrons & Their Relatives, Vol.27, No 2
Brooklyn Botanic Garden Publications:
Broad-leaved Evergreens Vol.29, no.3
The Rothschild Rhododendrons; Barber & Phillips
Rhododendrons & Azaleas; Bowers, Clement Gray
Dwarf Rhododendrons; Cox, Peter
Rock Gardening; Foster, H. Lincoln
A Guide to New England Landscape; Jorgensen, Neil D
Rhododendrons; Krussman, Gerd
Rhododendrons of the World & How to Grow Them Leach, David Goheen
Growing Wildflowers; Sperka, Marie
Rhododendrons & Azaleas; Sunset Book Rhododendrons in America, Van Veen, Ted
Plant Propagation; Wells, James S.
Labels, Anodized Aluminum 1 Bundle (20 Labels)
5 Bundles (100)Labels)
25Bundles (500 Labels)
50 Bundles (1000 Labels)
Please make check payable to ARS Mass. Chapter and send to:
Mrs. A. Richard Brooks, 255 Holden Wood Road, Concord, Mass. 01742
Delivery is included. Prices are subject to change without notice - but will try to give notice.
We would like to take this opportunity to say we're sorry for the delay in publishing this issue of the Rosebay. The change of format involved much more headache than we had anticipated. Hopefully, future Issues will arrive more or less on schedule, and that in this Instance, the wait was worth it.