Rosebay Index
Rosebay Index

The Rosebay Volume 3 Number 2 Spring 1974

Nantucket, Mass

Freeze Tonight By Harold Greer
Editors's Notes
Rhododendrons as Bonsai By Charles Gredler
An Afternoon to be Remembered By John Smart and Elinor Clarke
1974 Truss Show and Auction
Bronze Medal Awards
A Visit with... Dr. and Mrs. Max Resnick
Chapter Notes
New Members

By Harold Greer

"Freeze tonight" was the weatherman's forecast; a forecast that makes every rhododendron lover tremble with fear. Some"rhodie" buff sit run out with a blanket, others turn on the sprinklers and still others drag their favorite plant in the garage, or, worse yet for the non-rhodie buffs in the family, in the living room. Anyway, you can be sure that everyone wants to do something to save that choice rhododendron.

We in the Pacific Northwest have just gone through two unforgettable winters (and do we wish we could forget them). Last year in the Eugene area, temperatures plunged to as low as 20 F. below zero. It was early December and there had been an exceptionally warm fall. The roses were still in bloom and many deciduous plants were still in leaf. Suddenly, on Sunday, without warning the temperature fell from the sixties down to the'teens. The next day a light snow fell, coating the plants and ground with a thin layer of snow. By that night the temperature fell into the below zero range. For the next week the sun shone brightly with the temperature never rising out of the twenties in the day and below zero at night. At times a five to 15 mph wind blew across the white arctic cold. By mid-week the snow on the plants had begun to freeze dry and disappear leaving the plants standing stark naked to stand the cold on their own.

I still remember that fateful morning when the evasive warm weather returned in the same way it had left. It was heartbreaking to find the foliage on most of the plants black and nearly all of the buds gone. Only those plants that had been under heated protection were still in good condition. Even the ironclads had received damage.

This year was a different story in some ways and similar in others. The fall was warm with a few short dips below freezing, enough to make the plants more dormant. Then in January a similar unannounced cold spell came blowing in. This time there was no snow but the temperatures only dropped to 8 degrees F. A wind of 20 mph blew a good deal of the time.

After about a week's time we finally thawed out, and I made my trek out to see what survived. Luckily there was little damage except to a few of the more tender H4's and the H5's with a few notable exceptions which we will discuss later.

In this discussion of cold damage, I am not going to draw any hard and fast conclusions because none can be made. I am simply going to make some observations. The following are some of those observations:

I. Generally a plant protected from the winter sun survives the cold better than one in the sun. An example is two groups of plants of the same variety; the one in the sun and the other under the high shade of oak trees. Those in the shade survived better than those in the sun. However exceptions to this occurred. This exception was true in the case of two plants of R.'Trude Webster' (incidentally, B.'Trude Webster' can be considered a very hardy variety standing 12 F. below for a week's time and still flowering). The two plants were about 15 feet apart; one was in dense shade and the other was in the sun. The plant in the shade was killed to the ground, while the plant in the sun was not hurt.

2. Sometimes plants of the same variety planted side by side in the same condition will survive entirely differently, e.g. in a planting of'Trude Webster' that were unharmed last year at below zero temperatures, some isolated plants of that group received bad leaf burn at 8 degrees F. while the rest of the same variety in the same planting are in good shape.

3. Dry cold does far more damage than wet humid cold. When freezing weather comes it is typical for a rhododendron to curl its leaves to prevent moisture loss as it is very difficult for moisture to move from the roots to the leaves during freezing conditions.

4. Wind along with cold increases the intensity of the cold and also increases the drying out of the foliage.

5. If moisture loss can be reduced, less damage occurs. By watering the plants during freezing weather, therefore covering them with ice, prevents some damage. It keeps them from drying out and prevents their exposure to the intense cold winds. This winter we iced over a number of plants and noticed less damage than the same varieties without ice. There is some danger of ice breakage of some of the limbs, but on about 20,000 plants iced this year only three or four plants were broken badly. Of course, snow is a more ideal winter blanket if you are lucky enough to have it at the right time and it is not a too heavy and wet type of snow.

6. The use of an anti-transpirent such as"Wiltpruf" can also help to some degree. Also, protection with a covering of burlap, straw or other protective cover can be effective as long as a little air circulation is allowed.

7. One of the most important things in preventing freeze damage is to have the plant properly hardened off. This is hard for man to do as it takes a gradual cooling with some light freezes before the onset of a heavier freeze. Since we cannot control the weather we cannot do much about this. The only thing we can do is to see that during the late summer and fall that they do not get too much water or nitrogen that would cause them to be in active growth. This, I feel, is the reason why the shaded plant mentioned earlier was badly damaged while the plant in the sun was not.

8. Plants in containers above ground are more likely damaged than those in the ground.

Beyond the above mentioned items little can be done to prevent damage except for two things:

1. Have a heated structure where the plants can be placed for the winter.

2. Drag them in the house when it gets cold and hope you have an understanding spouse!


This issue marks another milestone for the"Rosebay". For the first time an article has been submitted for exclusive publication in our newsletter from outside the Massachusetts Chapter. We are honored and wish to thank Mr. Harold Greer for his fine article. Harold, as you know, is the owner of Greer Gardens in Eugene, Oregon and one who offers many fine rhododendrons and azaleas with particular emphasis on dwarf forms. Speaking of dwarfs, our co-feature article concerns"Rhododendron as Bonsai" by Charles Gredler from our own chapter. Thank you, Charles, for an informative insight into a delightful specialty. Examples of Mr. Gredler's work are always a highlight of the chapter's June truss show.

The Massachusetts Chapter was itself honored when it chose to honor two of its most deserving members with the Bronze Medal Citation. The editors wish to offer their heartfelt congratulations to Ed Mezitt and Elinor Clarke.

Traditionally, the spring issue of the"Rosebay" contains the first announcement of our annual truss show and auction, and this year is no exception. Please see the article elsewhere in this issue.

Incidentally, Nantucket does have Rhododendrons. While on a tour of whaling captains' homes, we saw many old Catawba hybrids amongst the hydrangeas, and were delighted by an occasional P. J. M.'s. So, in spite of the 70-mph. winds in March, there is still hope.

In the next issue: A very informative article about the care and feeding of rhododendrons by Tony Shammarello.


By Charles Gredler

I am interested in both growing rhododendrons and in creating bonsai, so it was a natural turn of events to combine the creation of bonsai using rhododendrons. Because of the nature of rhododendron growth, shaping is accomplished by pruning rather than by the use of wire. Since I grow rhododendrons from cuttings, I have my own supply for use as bonsai. After a year and a half in the cold frame, I plant in full sun in the vegetable garden and prune hard to develop bushy plants. Flower buds develop readily with exposure to full sun. Sometimes pruning doesn't develop the plant expected. Perhaps a stocky trunk develops with an umbrella of budded shoots - a perfect specimen for a bonsai. I had a plant of R.'Scintillation' develop this way and potted it for the first truss show at Norwell in 1972. A nursery is another good place to look for a suitable bonsai material. I remember finding a potted R.'America' plant which sometime in its pot was evidently tipped and growth was horizontal - a thick trunk ending in multiple budded growths. It looked as if it had been buffeted by the elements, and this is a desired effect one wants to create in bonsai - to duplicate nature, but in miniature form. Azaleas, too, lend themselves to bonsai. Look for single, thick trunks in a nursery. A bonsai does not have to be 100 years old. What is important is not the actual age, but the bonsai's apparent age. This, for me, is what makes bonsai such a satisfying hobby.

Creation of bonsai should be done in the spring before new growth has begun. Since we are dealing with plants which have bloom, the container is important. I prefer glazed colors in blues and greens. But unglazed brown and gray containers can at times be used effectively. What is important is that the container should harmonize in both color and form and be in good proportion to the plant. I have also used rocks. Feather and pumice rock are easily hollowed out to form a hole for planting, or suitable rocks can be found in the woods and along streams. Some may already have deep enough depressions in which to situate a plant. I use the same soil in which rhododendrons and azaleas thrive with the addition of a small amount of sand. Boot pruning is done after flowering and may consist of removing selected large roots or wedges of root which are then filled in with fresh soil. Bonsai require more care than usual potted plants. Since their containers are small, they dry out quickly. In the summer, I water my plants before I go to work and again when I return. Evergreen bonsai are not suitable as house plants. It is just too hot and dry. They must be kept outside to thrive.

In the winter, I lift mine out of their pots and place them in the cold frame, repotting in the spring.

The small-leaved varieties of rhododendrons and azaleas are best suited for bonsai. The Kurume azalea (Rhododendron obtusum) is widely used by the Japanese for bonsai. Other rhododendrons with which I have experimented with success are R. fastigiatum, impeditum, the dwarf form of keiskei, keleticum, racemosum and kiusianum.

For those who would like to pursue this satisfying hobby, the article"Rhododendron as Bonsai" in Rhododendron Information published in 1967 by the American Rhododendron Society is very helpful as is Bonsai: Culture and Care of Miniature Trees published by Lane Books, Menlo Park, California in 1969, a Sunset Book. It is available in many garden centers.


We were recently saddened to learn of the death of Mr. Warren Baldsiefen of New York. During his lifetime he contributed greatly to the body knowledge of Genus Rhododendron. With his passing, the milieu of rhododendron horticulture has been sub-stanti ally lessened.

October 12, 1972
By John Smart and Elinor Clarke

After corresponding with Warren Baldsiefen for several years, we made an appointment to visit him in the fall of 1972. We arrived at his nursery in Bellvale, New York in the early afternoon and were greeted by Baldsiefen. The Indian summer weather of the morning's drive had turned to rain, and the first thing our host did was to find some raincoats for us.

During our tour of the nursery and the ensuing conversation, we realized that we had been privileged to spend an afternoon with an exceptional person. The simplicity and forthrightness of his thinking made it appear that he lived life on his own terms. He obviously ran the nursery; the nursery did not run him.

As we were shown one part of the operation after another, certain things became obvious. Here was a man who knew exactly what he wanted to do and who had figured out the most effective way to do it, all with a minimum of equipment and the most efficient expenditure of his own effort - so that he still had time to go fishing.

In a civilization almost pathologically reliant on gadgets, it was like coming out into the light to find a human being whose success was primarily the result of relying on his own thinking. The simplicity, the directness, the efficiency of that nursery were aimed toward the production of superior plants only.

We observed no power equipment other than a roto-tiller, no greenhouse, just Nearing frames and a pit house, plus open field growing, partly under lath shade, on a north-facing slope there on Mt. Peter.

The varieties selected had to be the best for the customers he served. Hewing to an ideal clearly in mind resulted in a simplicity, a directness, an elimination of the false starts, twistings and turnings of lesser minds. Always the search was for what it would take to get the job done and done right, according to his own superlatively high standards.

There was a power of mind, an intensity of observation, a capacity for discipline, an extraordinary sense of timing - as to application of fertilizer, pinching and cutting back, for instance - that had to be the principal ingredient in the production of thousands of premium grade plants each year.

There was a contagious excitement radiating from the man - solid, intellectual excitement - about the potential of each variety. Well we recall his description of hanging a thermometer in the center of'Harold Amateis', and the temperature going down to 25 below with not even a pip lost.

The sincerity and directness of the extraordinary man indelibly impressed even two casual observers like ourselves. We had studied his catalog, but it was nothing like being in the presence of such a dynamic person. We shall always be grateful for that afternoon.


On June 2, the Massachusetts Chapter will hold its fourth annual truss show and auction on the grounds adjacent to Heritage Plantation in Sandwich; Show directors, Jon Shaw and Dick Brooks, with the cooperation of Heman Howard, have organized a program which promises to be the best ever. In addition to the usual features of past years, the plantation will be open to A.R.S. members and a guest free of charge. A special tour has been arranged especially for rhododendron interests. The truss show is open to all and promises to have a record number of entrants this year. The auction begins at 1:30 with many more plants offered for sale this year than ever before.

Chapter members will receive an information packet in about two weeks which will contain a copy of the rules, registration forms for the truss show, as well as publicity materials. For further information contact either Dick Brooks, 255 Holden Wood Road, Concord, Mass. 01742; or Jon Shaw, 41 Roundwood Rd., Newton, Mass. 02164.


On April 17, 1974 at the annual meeting of the Massachusetts Chapter of the American Rhododendron Society, President Max Resnick presented the chapter's Bronze Medal Citation to two of its most outstanding members, Edmund Mezitt and Elinor Clarke. The editors of the"Rosebay" take pride in publishing the citations awarded to those exemplary individuals.

American Rhododendron Society, Massachusetts Chapter, Bronze Medal Citation, to Edmund D. Mezitt; Whereas, You have greatly contributed to the Genus Rhododendron as a grower, hybridizer and introducer of outstanding new plants: Whereas, You have un-selfishly shared your knowledge and experience with your fellow rhododendron enthusiasts:

Whereas You were a founder, organizer and first president of this chapter. Whereas, You have given much of your time, effort and generosity to the chapter as a host for its meetings, as a judge for its shows and as a source for its plants: the Massachusetts Chapter of the American Rhododendron Society, in grateful acknowledgment, is proud to present this citation, its highest award, as a measure of its esteem.

By unanimous vote of the honors committee, presented by: Max L. Resnick, President, April 17, 1974.

American Rhododendron Society, Massachusetts Chapter, Bronze Medal Citation, to Elinor Clarke; Whereas, You were the driving force most responsible for the formation of this chapter: Whereas Your tireless efforts on behalf of the chapter have assured its germination and growth: Whereas, You have acted as the chapter's first and only

Secretary-Treasurer: Whereas, your continuous endeavors exemplify your devotion, not only to the Genus Rhododendron, but to all your fellow men: the Massachusetts Chapter of the American Rhododendron Society, in grateful acknowledgment, is proud to present this citation, its highest award, as a measure of its esteem.

By unanimous vote of the honors committee, presented by: Max L. Resnick, President, April 17, 1974.


Have you ever bought a"name brand rhododendron"? Or a rhododendron whose flowers were a"rare lavender" color? How about a rhododendron that had awfully small leaves - but you figure that since it is a small plant - the leaves will grow as the plant grows? Then only to find out that in the fall all of the leaves of this plant have lost their beautiful green color and have turned mahogany? Such were my introductions to the world of rhododendron!

Furthermore, my"name brand" was dead the next year and my"rare lavender" took sick the very day I planted it, To this day I wonder what happened. Could it be that I did something wrong when they were planted 4 inches below their crowns flush against the foundation of my house, in an exposure that was due south?

Yet I survived this horrendous beginning, had the desire and perseverance to start over and now boast a garden of several hundred rhodies. I ask myself, why?

The first time I became aware of rhododendron had been only a short time prior. By accident I passed by a small frame house only a few blocks from where I lived. The dazzling sight in front of that house caused me to stop the car, get out and simply stare. Three large bushes (or were they trees), grown together, at least twelve feet high reaching to the second story and extending across one-half the front of the house, presenting a massive screen of red and white, so thick and so full that nary a trickle of green was visible. I asked the owner about the plants and learned that they were rhododendrons. The house was over 50 years old and the rhodies had been planted at that time.

In retrospect, the diagnosis is an easy one. That very day I was struck by a malady which I now realize is not at all rare. It is incipient in its onset, is highly contagious and only becomes progressively worse. There is no hope nor cure for the afflicted. For want of a better name it is known as acute, progressive rhododendronitis!

The summer of three years ago we moved to our present home in Canton. Our house is on a corner lot just under one acre, with most of the plantable area to the north and east and a good portion wooded by pine and oak. The house was further blessed with only six"builders" shrubs quite small in size and easily removed.

My first rhododendron was purchased from an old chap who lives in an adjacent town. I happened to notice a microscopic sign in front of his house announcing,"Rhododendron and Peonies For Sale'. I must say for the size of his sign he had an unbelievable number of rhododendron growing on his property. Actually thousands of plants, all sizes, small and large, from a few inches to ten feet or higher. He told me that he has lived here over 40 years and had started at that time with only a dozen or so plants. While it did not mean anything to me at the time, I did notice an entire area where plants appeared to be planted on their sides and the branches seemed strange in that parts were below and above the soil. In addition, it was peculiar to me that branches of other plants had"plastic pockets" filled with pine needles tied to them.

I picked out a beautiful plant about 5 feet in height and almost as wide. I did insist that he not only deliver the plant but that he plant it as well. Finally, almost as an after-thought, I asked him what color were the flowers. Did you guess it?"A rare lavender"!

Finally, I decided that perhaps I ought to hustle over to the library and try to really learn something about these plants. I picked out a book on general gardening which I found to have three chapters on green lawns, but only three paragraphs on rhododendron. However, it did provide me with my first break-through! In the appendix it listed the name of the A.R.S. and the name and address of the secretary to whom one could write for information. This I did immediately. One small detail which I did not realize, The book had been published almost twenty years ago! However, my letter actually did reach the old secretary. It was forwarded to the National. National answered my letter, referred me to Elinor Clarke and both Natalie and I were enrolled as members of the Mass. Chapter in time for the first meeting in the fall. This meeting was hosted by Irene and Louis Cook and deserves further comment.

First of all, there was a buffet spread. Immediately upon entering, Natalie and I both knew that we had made the correct decision to join. From a quick estimate we figured that if nothing more the meal alone was worth at least two years' dues,

Most important, we met some wonderful people, very knowledgeable and very helpful.

It was at this meeting I became aware of Leach, VanVeen, Bowers and Barber, and of Rhododendron Information and the A.R.S. Quarterly. My work for the coming winter was set out for me.

My next break-through came the following spring at the New England Horticultural Show. I can recall vividly coming in from the still wintery outside to be greeted by Ed Mezitt's Weston Nursery magnificent display of specimen rhododendron in full flower. The fiery red of General Eisenhower standing guard at the path and pointing to three Blue Peter royally clad in lavender and purple, curtsying as if to announce the presence of her majesty, 'Boule de Neige';'Gloxineum','Westbury' and'Weston' forming clouds of pink and benevolently looking down as a mother hen on its brood of dwarf shrimp colored hybrids. A spectacle to behold and see and not soon forgotten!

Then Natalie asked a foolish question - or was it so foolish? What happens to these plants after the show? Upon inquiry, I learned they were for sale. I am not going to bore you with details. However, I will say that the following Monday, the day after the show closed, seventeen of the gorgeous specimens were resting comfortably in my garage.

I might further add the town of Canton recently celebrated its 175th birthday. I believe I can state with reasonable assurance that never before in its history has it been able to boast, nor in all probability never again in its history will it be able to boast of seventeen rhododendron in full flower within its township during the month of March.

These plants formed the nucleus of my collection, which now numbers several hundred, with over one hundred varieties. I am especially interested in trying marginal varieties (H3) and varieties that are"too tender" for my climate (5b-6a). Now I know these plants are"too tender". The people who rated them also know they are"too tender" Fortunately to date nobody has informed the plants of this fact. In the meanwhile, my'Jean Marie de Montague' won a first prize ribbon at our last show. Such varieties as'General Eisenhower','Goldsworth Yellow','Sappho' and'Kluis Sensation' have wintered admirably. Even'Loderi King George' survived the minus 10 degrees and does not look too much worse than some of the Catawba's (no flowers, of course). To be sure, some will fail. But with some protection and a little bit of thought as to planting site you may be very pleasantly surprised. (I must admit that Natalie is probably correct when she says that a hot water bottle and heating pad is probably going too far). A veteran grower recently confided to me that if a plant can be adequately protected from the wind and most important from the winter sun, its hardiness can be increased by as much as 10 degrees. This I have emphatically verified...and what will happen when we experience the extraordinary severe winter as we surely will in the future? All I can say is the joy and the pleasure derived in the interim far exceeds the risk and potential loss.

Just a few words more about the small plant with the awfully small leaves. It has grown and it has flourished. Early each spring the mahogany leaves turn green again and its flowers are a joy to see. But those darn leaves. They haven't grown a bit.


Recently our chapter joined the Rhododendron Society of Canada and as a result individual members of our chapter have, through the"Rosebay" been extended an invitation to join. Their classes of membership are: Life $100.00; Commercial $25.00; Institutional $10.00; Family $7.50; and Individual $5.00.

Each membership includes a subscription to their bulletins. Applications should be sent to Dr. H. G. Hedges, 4271 Lakeshore Road, Burlington, Ontario.


Jan. 13 at Waltham Field Station, 2:30 p.m.

In spite of the snow, there was a very good attendance, with several new members.
Dr. Max Resnick requested that members fill out the questionnaires which will be sent with the January Bulletin. This information will be very important to the A.R.S.
Plans were confirmed as to the March 5 meeting at Hartford, be jointly held with the Conn. Chapter. Tentative plans for the annual meeting and the show and auction in June, to be held this year at Heritage Plantation were discussed.

John Cowles gave an illustrated lecture on"What Happened to the Dexter Rhododendrons", He told of Mr. Dexter's long-time interest in gardening, and the plantings at his home in New Bedford. He bought the Sandwich Farm, which originally consisted of 150 acres in 1921. Half of this property is now Quail Hollow Farm, owned by Peter Cook. From old photographs and aerial views of the estate one can reconstruct the early plantings. The first were predominantly species brought in from the wild (maximum and carolinas). A noted landscape architect of the time, Paul Frost, laid out the areas approaching and surrounding the house. Mr. Dexter became interested in the Asian species and hybrids grown at the Farquath Nursery in Osterville, and acquired some good-sized plants. Over a hundred plants were bought of R. kaempferi, fortune hybrids, and the Catawba hybrids approaching Lake Shawme,

Later on he built a small greenhouse and grew seedlings of species that had been made available through several plant hunting expeditions. Towhees or"ground robins" have been very helpful in turning up some of the old copper labels showing the plants from the Bock expedition, etc.

Mr. Dexter in due course started to create his own hybrids. He and his gardener, Tony Consolini, competed in attempts to produce showy rhododendrons that were hardy as well. One series is particularly interesting. 'Brittania' was bred to two different types of R. fortunei. Tony used the hardier form to produce rather tall and quite hardy plants. Mr. Dexter's more tender hybrids are more compact, with very large blooms as typified by"Mrs. Wm. B. Coe" and the sister plant #1001. Some of the last hybrids Mr. Dexter produced involved R. haematodes and a variety'Amphion'.

Tony continued hybridizing in his own garden. One of his favorite parents was'Pygmalion', which produced many brilliant reds, many of them with freckling. It was pointed out that some so-called Dexter hybrids such as'Giant Red' should be credited to Tony. Slides were shown of tender varieties that Tony protected in his pit, many of his lovely hybrids and his gorgeous azaleas.

Jack used a two projector technique to contrast distant and close-up shots. Some twenty year old slides of Fortunei-Catawba hybrids at the Ben P. 0. Moseley estate in Ipswich, and the Clark estate in Newburyport show how well slides retain pigments if kept dry.

Dr. Jay Slavitz gave an excellent presentation on photography. He pointed out the value of good photographs as a record. The field of horticulture combines science and art, giving unlimited scope to the creative talent. One delightful specialty is macro-photography, very close, but not under a microscope. It is possible to use almost any camera, but the 35 mm, single lens reflex is preferred. Extension tubes and bellows are readily available to adapt to very close shots, Films vary in color sensitivity. Kodachrome II is fine. Some prefer Ektachrome, and European and Japanese imports are well worth investigating,

For really accurate work one uses color prints. A neutral gray card is used for the first negative, and this is a standard by which the rest are balanced. This is a custom job and fairly expensive.

Jay advised buying twenty rolls of film at a time, so that emulsion numbers will match. Extras keep well in the freezer. For true color one should shoot fairly close to noontime.

One should remember that slides are made of organic dyes, and are subject to deterioration. They should be kept cool and dry. It's a good idea to protect them with glass mounts. If slides have to be projected a great deal, use duplicates and keep the originals safe.

Jay showed some fine examples of his work, including some novel tricks for effect.

March 5 at Hartford College for Women, joint meeting with the Conn. Chapter. About a half dozen members from Mass. Attended.

;Alfred Martin, President of the American Rhododendron Society, discussed the organization and function of the A.R.S. The presidents of the various chapters plus twelve elected comprise a total of 55 members of the national. As of the moment, there are 3251 members, including 12 in Copenhagen in the new Denmark Chapter.

Various responsibilities of the national are: The publications committee which will probably have a new book out in'75. Work is progressing on computerizing rhododendron clones that have been registered, A 25-year index on the Quarterly will probably appear soon. Seed exchange. Money from this goes into a research fund that has as yet not set up any projects. The Mid-Atlantic Chapter are doing petal blight research on their own book.

One problem is that there is no permanent home for the Society, and currently the records are widely scattered.

Al explained how an increase in dues may become necessary as the budget is very tight. Dues go primarily to the Bulletin with small amounts for the secretary, directors, travel, insurance, awards, etc., leaving .17 as a surplus,

Prof. Gustave Melquist brought in beautiful plants of R.'macgregori', the"New Guinea ponticum". It varies from a lovely yellow to light orange, originates at high elevation. In the greenhouse it does best at 50 . A dwarf form would be great for the florist trade.

Dr. Nicholas Nickou spoke on"Plant Hunting in Kashmir". This area is in the northwest corner of India, the drier portion, which does not get monsoons. The trip started in Delhi, famous for its Red Fort. From there the party went to Srinigar, the capitol of Kashmir; Many beautiful views were shown; fancy houseboats, floating gardens with hugh squashes hanging, rug weaving, silks, magnificent wood carving, especially on a mosque, saffron sellers. Famous gardens are noted for gigantic trees, huge begonias, magnolias, crepe myrtle, a poplar similar to the Lombardy but with white bark, and pink lotus.

As one goes to the foothills of the Himalayas, meadows take over the emphasis is on sheep herding. As one proceeds into the mountains on horseback, the type of plant varies depending on whether the area is granite or limestone. Many familiar genera are represented: Adonis, Bergenia, Leontopodium, Salvia, Heomtum, Aquinlegie (fragrant) Primula and Aster, often with king-sized blossoms, Aster kashemiriana had 4" blooms. Pedicularis, or louse-wort, abounded in forms much more showy than one might expect. Primula rosea at 15,000 feet was gorgeous,

Members of the tour experienced some difficulty at high altitudes, the thin air affecting their judgment. Witness to this was the fact that Dr. Nickou took a few cuttings of R. hypenathus which was not in flower at the time, and then threw them away! He did show a slide of one in flower, a very attractive yellow.

Respectfully submitted,
Edith Cowles, Secretary


Laurence Grover
656 Plymouth St.
Halifax, Ma.02338

James S. Dougall
678 Point Pd.
Marion, Ma. 02738

Mass, Horticultural Society
300 Massachusetts Ave.
Boston, Ma. 02115

Mr. & Mrs. Bishop von Wettberg
53 Quaker Farms Rd.
Oxford, Conn. 064S3

Mr.& Mrs. Lawrence J. Coombs
53 Newland Dr.
Whitman, Ma, 02382

Mr. & Mrs. Robert Bucher
4 Farm Rd.
Marlboro, Ma. 01752

Mr. & Mrs. John White
213 Whitewood Road
Westwood, Ma. 02090

Randolph W. Drewery
29 Boulder Rd
Wellesley, Ma. 02181

Mr. & Mrs. Gordon E. Currier
88 Mt. Vernon St,
Boston, Ma. 02180